The Aryans invaded India around 2000 BC. Historians tell us that just prior to this, the people in Harappa seemed to have been in fear of an invasion from the west. Why do they make this assumption? There was a wall surrounding Harappawhich was 35 – 40 feet thick at the base and was 35 feet tall. There were two gates. Close to the year 2000, they closed up one of the gates.
At Mohenjodaro, there were many big rooms which were divided into smaller rooms. Certain industries which were outside of the city moved within the city walls. They started to disregard city planning. They all knew there was danger from the Aryans. The Aryans had first attackedBaluchistan. The refugees were coming down intoIndiawhere they buries their gold and jewelry to protect it.
The enemy were horse riding soldiers. They had better weapons than the local people and wreaked havoc. They destroyed the advanced cultures of the ancient countries. The Aryans warpath ended with the destruction of Babalonia in 1000 BCE. Sir John Marshall believes that the invasion of theIndusvalley happened over a period of 200 years.
The invaders came throughPersiaandSyria, but they were spread through out Central Asia, all the way back toPoland. The group that came fromSyriawere called the Mitāni people. They came from northeastSyria. When the invasion came, the people ofHarappawere flood stricken and thus unable to resist.
The Mitāni had their gods called Indra, Urvin, Mitera and Nasatiya. In the holy book of the Aryans, the Rig Veda, the war between the Aryans and the indigenous people is described indirectly. Indra, the war god, fought against the Dasyus. The Dasyus probably represented theIndusValleypeople. The Dasyus were described as being black and flat nosed. Some historians say that this cannot describe theIndusValleypeople. However, if the description is correct, then those people were Dravidians.
In the Rig Veda, there is a term “purubhid” used to glorify Indra, the war god. “Puru” refers to “castle”; “bhid” means to “destroy’. This could mean the great walled cities of theIndusValley. There was another term for Indra called, “Jalasata” or, “he who gave freedom to water”. The IV people had built water reservoirs. They were cultivating farmers. The Aryans were hunter- gatherers. The Aryans destroyed the reservoirs in order to free the water from “captivity”.
A third term for Indra was “Vajasata” meaning, “freer of the animals”. The IV people had domesticated animals. The Aryan people thought this was terrible and chased the animals back to the wild.
The Aryans performed sacrifices or “yajvan”. They called the IV people “ayajvan,” or non-sacrificing people. The Aryans looked down upon the IV people for not speaking their language. They called both the group of Aryans left behind inSyriaand the IV people, “asuras” meaning, “non-human”. They called themselves the suras or sacred humans.
After the invasion, the Aryans settled down into villages. They were very simple people with two classes to their society. They were illiterate. When a less civilized group invades and suppresses a more civilized people, even though authority flows from invader to invaded, the culture flows the reverse way. The uncivilized Aryans started to learn from the IV people and eventually there was ethnic mixing.
Even though the Dasyus were black in color, there were intermarriages. The children of black and white parents came out dark. There were even special pujas to give birth to a black child. These were to hide the misdeeds of some married women. They would go to the Brahman to have the puja done. If the child came out black, they could say that the gods have blessed them.